Tirza Meyer has agreed to come to KIT to present her research on the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention. Tirza is a PhD candidate at the Department of Historical Studies at NTNU and affiliated with the NTNU Oceans Deep sea mining pilot. The Deep sea mining pilot is a multidisciplinary project that bridges technologies and sciences at NTNU.
The project deals with the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention (1958-1982). UNCLOS was a United Nations Convention that aimed towards settling territorial disputes, agreeing on maritime boarders and the allocation of fish stocks and exploitation rights of raw materials in the world’s oceans. In this project, especially one aspect that was discussed in the Third United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1973-1982) is interesting: the dispute on how to govern the areas outside national jurisdiction – the deep seabed.
In 1994, the United Nations finally agreed on the implementation of the concept of the common heritage of mankind on this area. Today, technological progress increases the probability that foremost inaccessible parts of the oceans, especially the seabed with its rich deposits of poly metallic nodules and other metals, will be exploited. First now, it is possible to observe how and in which way the restrictions and agreements on how to govern this area will function.
It will be of special interest to examine the origins of how the deep seabed is governed today: by the principle of the common heritage of mankind. The aim of the thesis is to illuminate the idea and ideal that constituted the implementation of the CHM to the seafloor by taking a closer look at the two main advocates of the idea: Arvid Pardo and Elisabeth Mann Borgese. Special attention will be paid to the preparations leading up to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, in which Arvid Pardo and Elisabeth Mann Borgese played a unique role as advocates of the concept of CHM.